Book Review: Gunahon ka Devta (गुनाहों का देवता) by Dharmvir Bharti (धर्मवीर भारती)

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हिंदी के उपन्यास पढने का हमेशा से मुझे बहुत शौक था. ये शौक मैंने विरासत में अपनी माँ से लिया है, जो कि स्वयं हिंदी के उपन्यास किताबी कीडों कि तरह चाट डालती थीं. परन्तु हिंदी के उपन्यास ढूंढ पाना बहुत कष्टदायक कार्य है… माँ ने कभी किताबें खरीदी ही नहीं थीं, वे लाइब्रेरी से किताबें ला ला के पढ़तीं और उन्हें लौटा देती थीं. इस कारणवश किताबों का कभी संग्रह न हो सका. जैसे तैसे मैंने मुंशी प्रेमचंद की “निर्मला” पढ़ी थी और आनंद से प्रफुल्लित हो उठी थी! परन्तु उसके बाद से कोई अवसर ही न मिल सका! लेकिन इश्वर के आगे कहीं कुछ रुक पाया है? कुछ ही दिनों पहले मुझे एक ऐसा ही सुनहरा अवसर मिल गया… ऐसा जिसकी मुझे हमेशा से तलाश थी… लैंडमार्क में हिंदी किताबों का ढेर लगा था जिसे मैं उठा लायी! अब एक एक कर के मैं वो सारी किताबें पढूंगी, जो पहले न पढ़ सकी थी.

इनमे से सब से ऊपर थी श्री धर्मवीर भारती की “गुनाहों का देवता“. इस उपन्यास के बारे में मैंने माँ से बहुत सुना था. वे हमेशा मुझे कहती थीं, कि कभी ये पुस्तक हाथ लगे तो पढना ज़रूर! आपकी जानकारी के लिए बता दूँ, ये उपन्यास हिंदी के सभी उपन्यासों में से १० सर्वश्रेष्ठ उपन्यासों में माना जाता है! इस उपन्यास पर एक फिल्म भी बनी थी, परन्तु वो रिलीज़ न हो सकी! उस फिम में रेखा और अमिताभ बच्चन प्रमुख भूमिका में थे! सो हाथ लग गयी और मैंने पढ़ डाली! सच बात तो ये है कि इस उपन्यास में एक अजब सा नशा है. आप जितना भी चाहें, एक बार उठाने के बाद इसे रख न सकेंगे. न तो ये कोई थ्रिलर है और ना ही कोई रोमांचक कथा. ये एक साधारण सी कहानी है – चंदर और सुधा की.. उनके प्यार, उनके बलिदान की… और तो और, यह महज एक काल्पनिक कथा नहीं, बल्कि इलाहबाद युनिवेर्सिटी के एक रिसर्च स्कॉलर की वास्तविक कहानी है!

एक तरफ चंदर, दूसरी ओर सुधा! उन दोनों के अद्वितीय रिश्ते को श्री भारती जी ने इस बखूबी से दर्शाया है, कि आपको मालूम पड़ेगा कि जैसे ये पात्र आपके चारों ओर मंडरा रहे हों! उन के मन कि उलझनें, अपने मन कि उलझनें लगने लगती हैं! उनके सुख, दुःख, उनकी कठिनायों को हम अपना बना बैठते हैं! और इस कहानी के अंत तक हम में एक छोटी सी झीनी सी आस रहती है कि काश! काश! ऐसा न होता!

खैर! इस कहानी के बारे में जितना भी कहा या लिखा जाये, कम हैं! अगर आप हिंदी भाषा के ज्ञाता हैं, तो ये उपन्यास ज़रूर पढें! आपको निराशा नहीं होगी!

English translation:

[I have always loved reading Hindi novels. This is something that I have inherited from my mother, who used to be a book worm when it came to Hindi novels! But it is extremely difficult to find such novels these days! In those days, mom used to just rent the books from the library and return them back. So, somehow there was never a collection of books! The last Hindi novel I read and loved was Munshi Premchand’s Nirmala. But, after that I never found the resources to be able to read more hindi books! It was only recently that I got such a golden opportunity! Landmark had this huge collection of Hindi books and I ended up buying many of those! :)

On the top most of this list was “Gunahon ka Devta” by Dharmvir Bharti. I had heard a lot about this novel from mom, who used to say that if I ever get a hold of this book, I shud definitely read it. So, I did! Just for your information, this novel rates as the top 10 best hindi novels ever written! There was a movie also made on this book, starring Amitabh Bachchan and Rekha, but it was never released! This book is like magic! No matter how much you try, you just can not leave it! It is not a thriller, nor an adventurous novel. It is a simple story – of Sudha and Chander! About their love, their sacrifice.. and it is not just a fiction, but the real life story of a research scholar of Allahabad University!

On one side is Chander, on the other side, Sudha! Mr Bharti has depicted these two characters so beautifully that you feel they are revolving around you! You cry with them, you laugh with them and you make all their problems, your own! By the time the book ends, you feel for the characters! and wish certain things would not have happened the way they did!

Anyways, whatever you write about this story is less! Please read it if you understand hindi well :) You wont be disappointed!!

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99 responses »

  1. You brought back memories of my Hindi classes. And yes! Nirmala was the last novel I read too, way back in college. Our Hindi lecturer also showed as the film that was made based on the book. There was another book that we had in school, which was also made into a film (Mithun Chakraborthy, Suresh Oberoi and Rakhi), damn, I can’t remember.
    Hindi stories were fun. Premchand, Dharamveer Bharathi…I don’t remember most of them.

    2 years ago I met my Hindi lecturer at a re-union and he was cribbing about students not attending classes and how Hindi literature is boring for them and dying a slow death.

    • Wow! How incredible to know someone who reads and appreciates these books as well!! :) To tell you the truth, I am sometimes concerned too. Hindi is actually dying a slow death! Forget about new talent coming up in Hindi writing… people do not even know the names of soooo many good hindi books written once upon a time!

      • I was once watching this programme on NDTV Hindi.
        The anchor travels across the Hindi heartland (the UP-MP-Bihar belt) and it was shocking that Lucknow, which is the hub of Hindi lit, has also failed to deliver in the times of Chetan Bhagat and Dan Brown.

        Most writers are surviving by writing C grade thrillers and titiliating novels, the titles of some of these can be seen on channels like Aaj Tak and India TV, you know “Kohooni Nikla Baap” types…?

        Sad state of affairs indeed. Tamil and Malayalam are surviving to some extent, thanks to the vernacular media.
        If you remember, Premchand himself struggled for 3 years to pay off a loan of meagre 2.50/- in his times.

        Countries like Korea amaze me, not many are aware of the word “electronics” and yet they are pioneers in it.

        I guess I digressed.

        Hail Nova and people like her to continue reading Hindi and vernacular lit. More power to them.

        • Its rather distressing! I know Tamil and Malayam and maybe even Kannada and Telugu are surviving because of the vernacular media! They are taught in colleges, etc! The language is not lost! And yes, Munshi Premchand lived in abject poverty until much later! He wrote books to earn money! That was the prime motive!

          Hail Praveen who have concerns about the language! If we have more people like you, we can save the language from perishing! :(

  2. The languages dying a slow death is not only a concern for hindi only… Kannada literature has the highest number of gyan peeths (the kuvempus the Girish karnads).. but its very distressing to see youth not picking up their books and reading.. they bearly know their names.. :(

    • I think the regional language dying is a problem of all the regions. Even in gujarat the trend is not to go for the gujarati literature. Though the scenario is a bit better that a few years ago but by and large people think its ” not cool” to read gujarati literature. or its Hip and happening if one speaks and read english or french or other language!! :( Sad na!!

      • Yeah! Quite sad!! Every one shud take up the onus of mastering at least one language other than English!! These days even parents like talking to their children in English!! How desperate!!!!

  3. @ Pradeep: At “We the people” discussion, a man said, a UN survey says that all vernacular languages will erode away in 500 years time and it will only be english that would stand tall. I found it rather amusing that languages like Tamil which are as old as 2000 years old could simply vanish. I rather see lot of new languages evolving with a mixture of english. Like how French carries Tamil word “copra” and such…

    Your mention of Kannada lit is so true. We need media attention to make everything “cool, hip and happening”. Thats what appeals to people. Resentment towards other languages in Karnataka is what is putting off people from learning the local language, esp Kannada in Blore.

  4. Thought I should share this.
    Was watching Chetan Bhagat’s interview on NDTV profit last night. Seems, a book store owner in Kanpur told him about this boy who purchased both English and Hindi versions of Five Point Someone. At home, he read Hindi and took English to school so that he can show off he reads English as Hndi is not cool and he will be chided upon.

  5. Nova dear, its actually on my mind for long now… i would like to send an article which i have written about universal consciousness… let me know… if you can send me your feedback that would be great

      • Voww Fantastic… please help me… :) .. i have couple of things on my mind… mail me your number would like to talk to you.. its been almost 2.5 years since i heard your voice….. do you remember when was the last time we had a conversation? I rememeber.. :D

  6. We went to India in 2006. I found that every body wants to speak in English. They feel proud of It. Even my sister`s daughter was talking to me in English. I was really surprised.

  7. There is a broader problem here. Indians dont read books, regardless of language. Maybe the literature ‘market’ is a bit better today than before but the point is Indians on average simply dont read a lot.

    Like many other problems, the root of this is the education system. Languages were a pain, they were taught in a very non-intuitive and uninteresting way. The teacher had absolutely no freedom. You need some freedom as a teacher to teach any subject and even more so for language and humanities. Unfortunately all they could make us do was stand up before the entire class and read, or memorize paragraphs.

    There is the whole angle of ‘English superemacy’ but thats driven partly by economic considerations and partly by the simple fact that as of today, on the whole English literature is superior to that of any Indian language.

  8. 1 year back i heard about this book from my friend,so i searched the same everywhere in india whereever i went in those days but nowhere i got this book finaly i got this book from Vadodara raily station,And i am found it worth .

    It’s a beautiful story of Sudha & Chandar………………..

  9. i also love hindi novels and read regularly.

    “Gunahon ka Devta” is really a very romantic novel

    if u want more novels like this u have to read “wah phir nahi aayi”,”rekha”,”chitralekha”,”teen versh” by bhagwati charan verma.

    and if u read any novel like “Gunahon ka Devta” then please suggest me.or any novel by Dharamveer bharti……….

    thanks

  10. i dont’ usually read novel, fortunately i read ” gunaho ka devta” and indeed it is heart touching.And this induced me to read and experience a lot

  11. hi everyone,

    the way u guys r chatting abt hindi novels, it really encourages me to read one especially ‘gunahon ka devta’ …… but i have a problem, i did not grow up in india, so that’s y i can’t read hindi…

    as im grown up in germany, i can understand hindi, punjabi and urdu….but my parents just teached me to read urdu (very little) …

    so guys does anyone of u know if it’s possible to get ‘gunahon ka devta’ in english? or any other novel of same standards? and is there an opportunity to order these novels via net?

    i wold be really thankful for ur replies and help….

    • Hey there!! I understand your concern… Unfortunately, I do not know if Gunahon ka Devata was translated in English. Even if it was, I would not have encouraged you to read it as a whole lot of the beauty of the book is the nuances of the language…

      Just like translating an urdu sher in English… the meaning may be conveyed but its just not the same :)

  12. This is really an amazing hindi novel. The best book I have ever read on love story. I have read this so many times and every time I realise I am reading this book first time. So freshnesh of story.

    • yes,i am agree with you…..”gunahon ka devta” is really awesome novel. you know i read this novel when i was in 7th std and really i was crying at the end of it very badly.since then,even i don’t know how many times i have read this novel.seriously i love this novel.

  13. hi, sorry from an intruder.
    i was just googling wid d name of Bhartiji’s dis novel, just came across d first sentence of this post. couldn’t stop to read it whole.

    well its really refreshing to see this post, i hardly find people talking abt hindi novels. as per my situation, as a hardcore sales guy, these books work as a stress-buster for me, n i have to rome around whole hyderabad for hindi novels.

    “Gunahon ka Devta” i have gone through d whole book more than five times, presented it to more than three persons. its really tough to find such a simple book, specially when it is full of pure feelings n heart-felt emotions.

    Thanx!!

  14. yeh dunia ki sabse achhi novels me 1 hai. jab ise padhna start karte hain to sudha, chandar aur binny hamare dil k gahraiyon me utar jate hain.aur wo pagal deewana woh na jane kaun sa sandesh suna jata hai. aisa lagta hai novel ka har ek patra hamare aas pass hain, hum unhe apne dil k bahut karib mahsoos karne lagte hain. is novel ko padhker main to bas itna hi hi kah sakta hoon k
    MOHABBAT SIRF HASIL KARNE KA NAHO BALKI KHONE KA BHI NAM HAI, ISE CHILLAKER JAHIR KARNE SE BEHTAR KHAMOSH HO KER BHOGA JA SAKTA HAI..
    MOHABBAT KI SACHAI ISI ME HAI.

  15. This is one of the best book which i read. great love story. its about more then 3 years when i was read it. but Character of this book is amazing. Feelings of Sudha, chandar, binti…i never forget. what they really want and what they do……is it true love ?? its very touching novel. i can read it again and again.

  16. I love reading this book vividly. First time I read this in the year of 1998 and since then in the every summer I made it my hobby to read it. I have read it more than 13 times. In fact I can say ” KI MERE LIYE IS KIATAB KA PADHNA WAISE HI HAI JAISE KI DHARMVEER BHARTI KA LIKHNA” While writing this novel I experienced the feeling one has during depressing moments when he prays ferevently, with full faith…. It appears as if the very same prayer has been ingrained in my heart and I am still repeating it
    PRASHANT

  17. i visited this blog accidentally while i was searching for the same novel. and after reading this, i cant wait to read it!:)

  18. Your entry for this novel is highly appreciated. I just finished this weekend. Really I missed this book earlier.
    Please share reading list for latecomers.
    I also finished “Premashram” of Premchand at the same time and on comparing these two, though the plots are completely different, the language and expression as presented in “Gunahon Ka Devta” is highly advanced and perfected and the words are very simple to understand.

  19. Can any one tell me where to get this book in mumbai, i tried to buy online but book is not availiable , so I am helpless, This is one of amazing book I have ever read . I read when i was in 10th std and want to read again. I cant forgate 135th page of this book.

    Can any one tell me shop name in mumbai or any website wehre this bok is availiable so I can buy online…

  20. Truly speaking, I really wondered while reading this NOVEL whether GOD could do greater things than what Chander & Sudha had done as has been described in the story. I think there can’t be written a better love story than this. A must read NOVEL…

  21. right now during my semester break i found this book in my granny’s cupboard, i just picked it up randomly and started reading, i was really intoxicated by this one, the book is n ot so complicated as far as plot is concerned, but then too there is something that just binds u, i am lucky that i found this book, looking FORWARD, REALLLY………to some more!!!

  22. I am trying to get “Gunaho ka Devta” from a long time…lekin kahin se mil hee nahi rahi hai…..flipkart which sells all the books showing it as “Out of order” from a along time. :-(

    can anybody help me…..I am even ready to buy the old book at new price

    tarun.del.26@gmail.com

  23. Maini aaj hi us kitab (Gunahon-ke-Devta) ko padha, jo ki mujhe malum to nahi tha is kitab ke bare me ki kya h is upnayas me fir v mai padha. padhane ke bad to mera man nahi kanhi lag raha hai, mai is upnayas ki jitne v tarif kau to sayad kam par jaye, yeh mera pahala upnayas padne ka anuvao tha, aaj se pahle maine na to koi upnyas, kavita, vanyang, etc.. pada par ab mujhe lagta hai ki mai isse acha chij to sayad hi is bhir bhar wale duniyan me milegi, ab mai koi ek yesi hi kita dhund raha hun. agar apko koi is tarah ka kitab ho mujhe batyae…

  24. dhamveer bharati aur unka devata matalab gunaho ka devata,dono hi apne me badi unchhi hasti hai,,mai bharti ji nhi balki unki kalpana soch ka tahe dil se prashansha karat hu

    vipul vaibhav mishra
    banares

  25. hii guys..
    actuallly yesterday only i completed this novel, n ths was my first hindi novel. nd was gr8 experience reading it and really found it so tochy that i have to say i fell like agar me hota to aisa nhi hone deta.. kasam se i did’t know dat gunahon ka devta is this type novel n amaze to khow love can also be so great. apart from a love story there was a full database of knowledge about thinking of human brain mentality… khair chodo i think everyone should read it…

  26. GUNAHO KA DEVTA mere sabse atulya upnayaso me se ek hai ye ek aisa advitya upnyaas hai.
    jo man moh leta hai

    MERI ek request hai kya is par bani film ke baare me mujhe jyada jaankari de sakenge bada kripa hogi………………..

  27. Ye upnyaas GUNAHO KA DEVTA mere LEKHAK DOST GURU MAIN LEKHAK KA DOST dono ki atipriya hai……………LEKHAK AUR LEKHAK KA DOST

  28. गुनाहों का देवता , एक उपन्यास जो आरम्भ तो होती है एक किताब की तरह पर कब यह आपकी जिंदगी में उतरने लगती है की आपको पता नहीं चलता और पढते हुए कब आप मुस्कराते हैं, कब खिलखिलाने लगते है और कब आपकी आँखें अश्को से भर जाती है , ये आपको भी खबर नही होती| आप के एक बार शुरू तो कीजिये यह खुद ही आपको खुद में डूबा लेगी |बस …………………….

    • Dear all.
      If you did not read this Novel Gunaho Ka Devta you something missed in your life. This can feel only that who read this. I read this more than 20 times and purchased more than 10 times. I gifted this to some my best friends in my life.

      I am not able to understand Chander and Sudha like personalities are possible in this society. That is true love where only SAMARPAN is sarvopari.

      It’s my faith after read this your attitude will quite change about the life and love.

      Devendra sahu

  29. I was a teenager when I read this book for the first time. I had no actual experience of the eternity of LOVE!!!. Still it meshmarized me. Throughout, I felt like something has choked not only my heart but also my throat. Neither I could cry nor sobe. I got a chance to read it again when I alraedy had tasted the blood. This time it was altogather a different feeling. I always tried to be alone while reading it so that I am not caught crying. I challange anybody reading this heart tuching piece of legendry work if he can stop tears falling from his/her eyes

  30. धर्मवीर भारती के उपन्यास गुनाहों का देवता पर भी संजय लीला भंसाली को मूवी या टी वी सीरियल बनाना चाहिए…

  31. hi nova,,u said tht this novel is based on a real story… do u know the person (chander)..??

    if after reading this book i am moved so much thn i m curious wht tht person had felt??
    how had he lived his whole life?? was he happy again in his life?

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